They were Carpophorus, Secundius, Severian, and Victorinus. Nanni di Banco, Four Crowned Saints by Dr. Steven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris Nanni di Banco, Four Crowned Saints , c. 1410-16, marble, figures 6′ high, Orsanmichele, Florence (Italy) Nanni di Banco, di Banco At the Monastery of San Marco, ________ and his assistants frescoed paintings in the cells of the monks and their community rooms. The second group consisted of five sculptors that were put to death. This relief showing sculptors at work was part of a commission from the guild of sculptors and wood-carvers in Florence. The Denver Art Museum's collection includes more than 70,000 works of art. This panel… ... Pope Gregory the Great mentions an old church of the four crowned martyrs in Rome. As seen on the statue there are only four people. The legend of the Four Crowned Martyrs refers to Christian sculptors working for the Emperor Diocletian (depicted on the left with crown and scepter) who refused his order to carve a statue of a pagan god. Their cult was confined to local calendars in 1969. The Four Crowned Martyrs were patron saints of the Florentine Guild of Stonemasons and Carpenters, which also included sculptors in their membership. The monument to the Four Crowned Martyrs (Quattro Santi Coronati), detail of the relief, 1415 Marble Orsanmichele, Florence Alinari/Art Resource, NY. According to tradition the Four Crowned Martyrs (d. 305 A.D.) were renowned sculptors living in what is today Austria-Hungary. 19-8). art. The Four Crowned Martyrs were venerated early in England, with Bede noting that there was a church dedicated to them in Canterbury. in 841, caused the church to be repaired, and the relies of these martyrs to be translated thither out of the cemetery on the Lavican Way. Nanni di Banco, Four Crowned Martyrs, 1412-15 Robert Baldwin Associate Professor of Art History Connecticut College New London, CT 06320 robert.baldwin@conncoll.edu (This essay was written in 2007.) The painting comes from an altarpiece the guild commissioned for its altar in the church of Orsanmichele in Florence. There were nine total martyrs divided into two groups. The first group had four saints that were soldiers. As punishment the emperor had the sculptors sealed alive in lead coffins and thrown into a river. | Denver Art Museum 49. de Diocl. The Four Crowned Martyrs and Their Cult The vast majority of martyrs venerated in the Christian church before 1500 were early Christians A basilica was erected in honor of these martyrs in Rome. Pope Leo IV. Persec. The Four Crowned Martyrs [before Diocletian?] Known internationally for the way we help our visitors explore art and their own creativity. Background information on Four Crowned Martyrs. 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