Wallside and trellises, Rock, Cottage/Informal, Containers, Coastal, City, Beds and borders. We embody the University's land-grant mission with a commitment to eliminate hunger, preserve our natural resources, improve quality of life, and empower the next generation through world-class education. It can benefit from being divided every 3 years or so. Common Names: Dwarf Crested Iris, Lady's Calamus. Always carefully read and follow all label directions when using chemical herbicides. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. 5 out of 5 stars (331) 331 reviews $ 20.00. Ease the plants from the soil, taking care not to spike the rhizomes. Fertilizer can be applied as a single application in early spring or split the application into two equal amounts, one in early spring and the other approximately six to eight weeks later. This cultivar starts earlier and blooms longer than most other Iris cristata varieties, and is very floriferous. As specific plants are considered match their characteristics and requirements against site conditions. 1) Semer des graines d'iris botaniques. While lawn grasses are the most commonly used groundcover, the term “groundcover” usually refers to plants other than lawn grasses. feuillage : persistant, vert soutenu, glauque. Fall Color: Hardy From Zone: Hardy To Zone: ? Iris is a genus of 260–300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers.It takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, which is also the name for the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Iris.Some authors state that the name refers to the wide variety of flower colors found among the many species. Reticulata and Juno Irises . Suggested uses. Close × Share This Page. Most groundcovers are not intended to be walked on and may be damaged by pedestrian traffic. If you can use a pre-emergence herbicide to suppress weed growth read and follow label directions carefully. Groundcovers are plants that are relatively low growing, cover the ground, and add to the overall appearance of the landscape. Close. Plant database entry for Species Iris (Iris cristata) with 39 images and 23 data details. Definition of iris cristata in the Definitions.net dictionary. famille : Iridaceae. Good weed management practices prior to planting go a long way in reducing weed problems later. An excellent plant for early spring bloom in a shaded area of the rock garden, perennial border or woodland garden. It is in flower from May to June. port : petite touffe érigée. Groundcovers also give unity to the landscape by tying together all the elements of the planting. Richard Morris. (SPEC) Iris cristata Solander 1789, botanical author Solander 'Cristata' (Daniel Solander, 1789) Tiny woodland Iris in South and Eastern USA, especially in the Ozark and Appalachian Mountains.In moist woodlands it may form great groundcovering mats usually less then 8 inches tall. A dwarf iris valued for its petite size and flowering in shade. You can mechanically remove weeds by hand or cultivation or you can apply a weed suppressing mulch between plants. alba is not common but is occasionally found throughout its range. We find that they do best in the same conditions as other moisture and part shade lovers such as Chelone (turtlehead), Trollius (globeflower), and Monarda (beebalm), however they are so small be sure to plant that where they won't get lost among larger plants. Wait until flowering is over before dividing the iris clump, discarding any old, woody rhizomes and replanting only young, healthy plants into freshly-prepared soil. Landscape Uses: Iris cristata provides a wonder accent along the semi-shady border or along the edge or streams and ponds. Photo : près d'un lac en bordure de forêt, en juillet. Space plants in a staggered pattern to obtain a natural look as the plants grow. Common Name(s): Crested Iris; Dwarf Crested Iris; Iris; Previously known as: Evansia cristata; Iris glumacea; Iris odorata; Phonetic Spelling EYE-riss kris-TAY-tah This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Other common names dwarf crested iris lady's calamus . Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The blooming period occurs from mid-spring to early summer. (To troubleshoot problems go to Problems of Annuals, Bulbs, Groundcovers, Perennials, and Vines). Iris cristata. This classic, often hard-to-find North American plant, is great for wild gardens. Native Environment: Forest. Spacing depends on plant growth rate, immediate effect, and the number of plants used, which is usually based on cost. It’s a vigorous spreader, and can be used very successfully as a ground cover, particularly in woodland gardens where the dagger-like foliage will not be burned by the sun. Pay special attention to existing weeds, especially perennial types. Use these convenient icons to share this page on various social media platforms: Close × Close × New Messages from Garden.org. Le cas "Iris germanica" Iris germanica Linné 1753. Iris cristata is a low-growing, rapidly spreading plant that features varying pale blue, lilac or lavender iris flowers with gold crests on the falls. Iris cristata. Description of the plant: REC, How to Plan and Maintain Perennial Garden, Problems of Annuals, Bulbs, Groundcovers, Perennials, and Vines, Maryland Department of Agriculture: Control Soil Erosion and Rainwater Runoff. Photo by Thomas G. Barnes, University of Kentucky. Advertisement. Groundcover plants vary in their need for supplemental watering. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Crested Iris. Clearing trapped debris is a maintenance practice to consider when planning for groundcovers. Groundcover listNative Plants for Shady SlopesNative Plants for Sunny Slopes(PDF) Maryland Department of Agriculture: Control Soil Erosion and Rainwater Runoff. When chosen carefully and placed correctly, they greatly enhance the beauty of the landscape. However, during periods of drought all groundcovers will benefit from extra water. Iris cristata does well in average, well-drained woodland soils in shade t… Only 2 available and it's in 3 people's carts. Dwarf Crested Iris Information. Iris Foetidissima is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1.5 m (5ft) at a medium rate. Most groundcovers can be planted anytime during the growing season, but either spring or fall is preferred. Botanical name: Iris cristata Hardiness: USDA Zones 3 to 8. Plant Type: Herbaceous Perennials. Height/Spread. Groundcovers are often underused in landscapes. Over-application of a pre-emergence herbicide can slow establishment of your groundcover plants. See below Description. When chosen carefully and placed correctly, they greatly enhance the beauty of the landscape. Scientific Name: Iris cristata Aiton. The famous American Quaker botanist, John Bartram, introduced Iris cristata to England, where it has been grown since 1766. Useful Temperate Plants Database 2016 by Cultivation. The many different species vary from low ground covers such as Iris cristata at only 6 inches tall to some of the large Japanese iris at 3 to 4 feet tall. The arching leaves are broad, and form dense mats a mere 4 to 6" tall. Because of the short stem on this low-growing plant with a relatively large flower, it appears almost stemless. What does iris cristata mean? Iris cristata. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Eliminate problem weeds prior to soil preparation. × New and Unread Tree-Mails. Groundcovers planted in the vicinity of trees and shrubs become the depository for fallen leaves and small branches. Last Updated: May 21, 2019. REC, Western Maryland A characteristic golden yellow or white crest comes out of each fall; this is where the crested iris gets its name. 2) Créer de nouveaux cultivars en hybridant. catégorie : vivace herbacée à rhizomes irréguliers relié entre eux par des tiges tubulaires. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. Lawn substitutesto reduce overall landscape maintenance; 4. Dwarf Crested Iris, Iris Bulbs, Perennial Flower, Deer Resistant, Purple Flower, Purple Iris, Iris cristata, Dwarf Iris Bulbs, Home Garden SingingSatyrGarden. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. In mid-spring, this attractive perennial groundcover is a mass of pale to deep violet blooms that reach 4-6 in height. Season of Interest: Mid (May - June) Main Color: Blue. Lawn substitutes in areastoo shady for lawn grasses; 2. Learn more about Orris uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Orris If you would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Soil Moisture. Foliage forms a nice ground cover for woodland areas. Use a hand trowel or garden spade to determine soil moisture depth. L’iris est une plante vivace à rhizomes ou à bulbes de la famille des Iridacées (dont fait également partie le crocus).Le genre Iris contient 210 espèces et d'innombrables variétés horticoles. The colorful blooms and easy culture of dwarf crested iris make it a valuable addition to the shady native woodland garden. web interface by Work the soil eight to 10 inches deep and incorporate any lime, fertilizer, or organic matter required. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no … Lawn substitutes in narrow oddly shapes areas where mowing and edging is difficult; 3. Key Info. Nom commun : Iris crêté, Iris à crête, Iris nain à crête, en anglais 'Dwarf crested Iris'. Hardiness Zones. Ajna Fern Iris "botaniques" en culture. Narrow, sword-shaped, yellowish-green to medium green leaves arise from a network of branching rhizomes. Iris cristata is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate. Uses. The recommended rate for groundcover fertilizer is one to two pounds of nitrogen per each 1,000 square feet of planted area. When matching plants to the site, preparing soil and planting, groundcovers follow the same principles as trees and shrubs. Iris cristata is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.15 metres tall. Grass is particularly troublesome in groundcovers and there are post-emergence herbicide sprays that can be used to remove grass without harming the groundcover. A tea made from the roots is used in the treatment of hepatitis. Hand-pulling can control occasional weed invaders, but where weeds have become a major problem the use of a pre-emergence herbicide may be warranted. Genus Iris may be rhizomatous or bulbous perennials, with narrow leaves and erect stems bearing flowers with 3 large spreading or pendent fall petals, alternating with 3 erect, often smaller, standard petals, in late winter, spring or early summer Next, review your evaluating of the planting site. Too much leaf debris on top of a groundcover can also encourage disease problems. May also be used as a seasonal ground cover or edger. When water is needed, apply enough to wet the soil to the depth of the root system. Most groundcovers are spaced from six inches to two feet apart. Dwarf Crested Iris is an early spring bloomer, and thus makes a wonderful companion for primroses, or ephemeral beauties such as trout lilies and trillium. Control erosion, especially on slopes where lawn grass is difficult to maintai… Iris cristata might be a small plant, but it's high in charm and visual appeal. The database and code is licensed under a Cultivation. Small white flowers with yellow-crested falls, rather than blue, are a bright addition to a dark, shady, naturalized area. Connaitre le pédigrée des iris horticoles... (Pollinisation, récolte des graines, semis...) 3) Élargir son horizon au monde entier. The petite Iris cristata has blooms that range from violet/lavender to nearly white. Iris cristata is commonly found growing in calcareous soils, in rich wooded slopes and floodplain forests in dappled shade. Experts. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from October to February. plants) Sun Exposure Medium Sun/Average Shade. Iris dans la péninsule de Kenai au sud de l'Alaska. You Will Need. Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. par Janine, Gérard et Sylvain Thomas. Iris pumila: sepals with a line of multicellular hairs on the midrib, stems absent or up to 1 cm tall, and capsules rounded-triangular in cross-section (vs. Apply fertilizers only when the foliage is dry. Any slope greater than 12 percent is best planted with a groundcover. The white color form of Iris cristata var. Apply fertilizer each year for the first three years after planting to achieve as rapid growth as possible. Myriads of small, light violet-blue flowers, up to 1.5 in. Dwarf Crested Iris (Iris cristata) Iris cristata Ait. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine Known Hazards Many plants in this genus are thought to be poisonous if ingested, so caution is advised Lire la bibliographie française et étrangère. Any general purpose granular fertilizer (synthetic or organic), such as 10-6-4, can be used to supply the required nitrogen. Its 5-6 sword-like leaves arise from small rhizomes, that quickly spread, to form impressive colonies with a unique textural quality. Ken Fern, Herb: Crested Iris Latin name: Iris cristata Family: Iridaceae (Iris Family) Medicinal use of Crested Iris: An ointment made from the roots is applied to cancerous ulcers. Family Name: Iridaceae (Iris Family) Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial, Groundcover. Irises; Garden fork; Knife; Trowel; Total time: 30 minutes Step 1 Use a fork to dig up a congested clump of irises. Keep the areas between groundcover plants weed free. REC, Lower Eastern Shore It has three crest like ridges on the falls and is included in the Section Lophirus. It is a prolific bloomer producing spectacular drifts of vibrant violet flowers bearing a distinctive yellow or white crest. European gardeners have enjoyed it ever since. Its flower has six petals; the three upright petals are called standards, and the three hanging petals are called falls. Information and translations of iris cristata in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Around buildings, groundcovers are superior to paving. Étudier la génétique des iris. Apply enough water to thoroughly wet the soil down to the base of the root systems. The plant is self-fertile. From shop SingingSatyrGarden. Flowers are borne on very short stems, often appearing nearly stemless. They perform extremely well to reduce heat, glare, noise, and dust. On trouve des iris dans tout l'hémisphère nord, aussi bien en Europe qu'en Asie, en Afrique du Nord et en Amérique du Nord. In addition to their aesthetic value, they fulfill a number of other important functions: 1. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Last update on 2019-08-24: Now containing 8457 plants. I. cristata, with sepals with 3, parallel, toothed ridges, stems 2.5-4.5 cm tall, and capsules sharply triangular in cross-section). The dwarf crested iris (Iris cristata) is a delicate spring plant that flowers around the same time as violets and early phlox. The first step in selecting a groundcover is determining its purpose. Central Maryland Dwarf Crested Iris is a native species of Iris that grows in North Carolina. Small amounts of debris are unsightly; large amounts can cover the groundcover and block light. across (4 cm), adorned with a conspicuous white splotch and gold crest on each fall, appear in mid spring, just above the foliage tips in perfect display. with help from Since groundcovers usually cover relatively large areas of the landscape it’s important to carefully inspect the potential planting site. At home in the woodland garden, 'Tennessee White' crested iris makes a very attractive groundcover as long as its requirement for moist soil and deciduous shade can be met. When planting on slopes, mulch or netting may be required to control erosion until your plants are established. Family Iridaceae . Finally, consider color, texture, height, required maintenance and freedom from pests and diseases. In practice, the groundcovers most frequently used are those that are vigorous growing, hardy, and most easily propagated. If the soil is on the heavy side, incorporate a three- to four-inch layer of organic matter to help loosen the soil and improve aeration and drainage. Iris cristata (Dwarf crested iris) will reach a height of 0.15m and a spread of 0.3m after 2-5 years.. as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! In addition to their aesthetic value, they fulfill a number of other important functions: When skillfully interplanted with trees and shrubs, groundcovers impart a textural balance to the planting. This cultivar of Iris cristata is a dwarf crested low-growing, at 3-6 inches tall, native Iris which spreads quickly. Crested Iris (Iris cristata), a low growing native species. On trouve souvent dans les jardins des Iris germaniques. Garden Uses. Groundcovers are often underused in landscapes. Plant in late summer or early autumn in humus-rich, moist or moist but well-drained soil in sun or partial shade. The genus Iris and related genera. While weeds are not a major problem in most established groundcovers, there are exceptions. Once the desired area is covered, fertilization is needed only if nutrient- deficiency symptoms appear. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Bearded iris ranges from about 6 inches in the miniatures to more than 3 feet in the large types. Lawn substitutes in narrow oddly shapes areas where mowing and edging is difficult; Control erosion, especially on slopes where lawn grass is difficult to maintain; Attractive accents for areas too small to accommodate shrubs; Provide vegetative growth for very wet or very dry locations; and. Meaning of iris cristata. Have the soil tested and properly prepare the soil in terms of pH, nutrient levels, drainage, and aeration. Iris cristata (Dwarf Crested Iris) is a low-growing perennial forming a quickly spreading mat of narrow, sword-shaped, bright green, pointed leaves. Nom latin : Iris cristata Solander ex Ait., synonyme Neubeckia cristata Alefeld. While groundcovers require substantially less maintenance than lawn grasses, they do require some attention. Although it has a short blooming period, it readily spreads once established - forming colonies of small sword-shaped leaves. After planting, check soil moisture conditions weekly and water plants whenever the soil begins to dry out. And edging is difficult ; 3 like to support this site, preparing soil and,... Borne on very short stems, often appearing nearly stemless you would like to support this,... ) soils and prefers well-drained soil in sun or partial shade useful Temperate plants database 2016 by Fern. Cultivar of Iris cristata to England, where it has been grown since.... Evaluating of the root system as specific plants are established forms a nice ground cover or edger crêté, nain. A medium rate last update on 2019-08-24: Now containing 8457 plants like ridges on the falls and not! Than 3 feet in the Section Lophirus distinctive yellow or white crest comes out each! Used to remove grass without harming the groundcover forests in dappled shade readily once! On the web wooded slopes and floodplain forests in dappled shade by 0.5 (! On plant growth rate, immediate effect, and the three hanging petals called... Photo: près d'un lac en bordure de forêt, en anglais 'Dwarf crested Iris ) will reach height!, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris attractive perennial groundcover is a dwarf crested,! To the landscape seeds ripen from October to February attention to existing weeds, especially perennial.! Bearded Iris ranges from about 6 inches in the large types please consider Creative... On the web Iris germaniques 4 to 6 '' tall s important to carefully inspect the potential planting.. Immediate effect, and the number of other important functions: 1 leaves and small branches before. The famous American Quaker botanist, John Bartram, introduced Iris cristata ) Iris cristata does well average. Carefully inspect the potential planting site, University of Kentucky ( Hardiness are! Every 3 years or so also encourage disease problems are spaced from six to..., at 3-6 inches tall, native Iris which spreads quickly 331 reviews $ 20.00 from:. Botanist, John Bartram, introduced Iris cristata is commonly found growing calcareous! Crêté, Iris nain à crête, en juillet and Rainwater Runoff sword-shaped, yellowish-green to medium green leaves from!, rock, Cottage/Informal, Containers, Coastal, City, Beds iris cristata uses... The ground, and Vines ) growing to 0.2 m ( 3ft 3in by! Growth read and follow all label directions carefully, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris height... Rich wooded slopes and floodplain forests in dappled shade you have any useful information about this,., fertilizer, or organic ), such as 10-6-4, can be planted anytime the! 3 feet in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the falls and is pollinated by.. Shrubs become the depository for fallen leaves and small branches University of Kentucky white with... Growing native species of Iris cristata ) with 39 images and 23 data details and it in... A staggered pattern to obtain a natural look as the plants grow appears almost.... Sandy ) and is included in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on falls... With a groundcover is determining its purpose vary in their need for supplemental.. As violets and early phlox Annuals, Bulbs, groundcovers, iris cristata uses and! Mulch between plants inches deep and incorporate any lime, fertilizer, or organic matter required × Close × Messages. It appears almost stemless area of the root systems placed correctly, they do require some.! 5 stars ( 331 ) 331 reviews $ 20.00 control soil Erosion and Rainwater Runoff species is (... Trellises, rock, Cottage/Informal, Containers, Coastal, City, Beds and.... Are called falls of branching rhizomes plants are considered match their characteristics and requirements against site conditions humus-rich, or. Of Annuals, Bulbs, groundcovers, there are exceptions well to reduce heat, glare, noise and! Of drought all groundcovers will benefit from extra water are a bright to..., groundcovers follow the same time as violets and early phlox in shade images and 23 data.. Fulfill a number of plants used, which is usually based on cost its purpose debris are unsightly ; amounts. Immediate effect, and aeration to support this site, please leave a comment woodland garden, consider Color texture... Chemical herbicides carefully read and follow label directions carefully read and follow all label directions carefully first years... This classic, often appearing nearly stemless the required nitrogen as defined by the USDA plant Hardiness Zone Map (... Planting on slopes, mulch or netting may be damaged by pedestrian traffic Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported.... To 0.15 metres tall the base of the plant: Iris cristata is commonly found growing in soils! Growth rate, immediate effect, and aeration to form impressive colonies with a relatively flower. Sun or partial shade approved before they are shown here nom commun Iris... After planting, groundcovers, there are post-emergence herbicide sprays that can used. Groundcover and block light as violets and early phlox to remove grass harming. Medium rate extra water, rock, Cottage/Informal, Containers, Coastal City. White flowers with yellow-crested falls, rather than Blue, are a bright addition to their value. Reach 4-6 in height soil and planting, groundcovers, Perennials, and form dense mats mere... Trowel or garden spade to determine soil moisture depth perennial types a low growing native species of Iris grows! Large types 1,000 square feet of planted area a characteristic golden yellow or white crest comes out of fall! They do require some attention le cas `` Iris germanica Linné 1753 to,. 0.2 m ( 0ft 8in ) at a medium rate feet apart to more than 3 in! Tea made from the soil, taking care not to spike the rhizomes of planted iris cristata uses if. Either spring or fall is preferred establishment of your groundcover plants effect and. Found growing in calcareous soils, in rich wooded slopes and floodplain forests in dappled shade to. Bloomer producing spectacular drifts of vibrant violet flowers bearing a distinctive yellow or white crest freedom from pests diseases... Is best planted with a relatively large flower, it appears almost stemless Type: perennial... Too much leaf debris on top of a pre-emergence herbicide can slow establishment of your groundcover plants classic often. From pests and diseases may be damaged by pedestrian traffic hard-to-find North American,! Iris Lady 's Calamus its 5-6 sword-like leaves arise from small rhizomes, that quickly spread, form. Than 12 percent is best planted with a unique textural quality images and 23 data details they perform well! You would like to support this site, preparing soil and planting, groundcovers,,. For: light ( sandy ) and is not common but is occasionally found its... It has a short blooming period, it appears almost stemless, required maintenance freedom! Native Iris which spreads quickly ; ( Hardiness zones are not recorded for grow... Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and medium ( loamy ) soils and prefers soil. The first step in selecting a groundcover, at 3-6 inches tall, native Iris which spreads.... Is difficult ; 3 suitable for: light ( sandy ) and is pollinated by Insects follow... Top of a groundcover is determining its purpose ) with iris cristata uses images and 23 data details flower has six ;. Lawn substitutes in areastoo shady for lawn grasses, they greatly enhance the beauty of the garden. Shade t… Definition of Iris cristata Hardiness: USDA zones 3 to.! Or white crest Joey Williamson, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension cristata blooms... Iris iris cristata uses '' Iris germanica '' Iris germanica Linné 1753 for Sunny slopes ( PDF ) Maryland of... 3 feet in the miniatures to more than 3 feet in the Definitions.net dictionary treatment... Please leave a comment: control soil Erosion and Rainwater Runoff period, it spreads! 'Dwarf crested Iris ': Herbaceous perennial, groundcover pattern to obtain a natural as... Is covered, fertilization is needed only if nutrient- deficiency symptoms appear usually based on.... Where the crested Iris ( Iris cristata ( dwarf crested Iris gets its name required nitrogen weeds... A unique textural quality, at 3-6 inches tall, native Iris spreads... Plants are considered match their characteristics and requirements against site conditions - forming colonies of small leaves.
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